The following tables summarize the impact of a range of common inorganic anions and cations on the determination of COD using the PeCOD® technique. You can download this FAQ as a pdf document at this link.
For each inorganic species, solutions containing 0, 20, 50, 100, 250, 500 ppm (by mass) of the anion or cation, 60ppm COD (as sorbitol) and 1M LiNO3 (containing 20ppm COD spike) were prepared and analyzed, unless otherwise stated. Therefore, the below ion concentrations represent the concentration IN THE CELL (i.e. if analyzed in a different range, the interference levels may vary due to different electrolyte dilution effects).
|Ammonium||NH4+||No interference for NH4+ ≤ 500 ppm
Note: Similar results are obtained for Ammonia
|Carbonate||CO32-||No interference for CO32- ≤ 500ppm using chloride resistant sensor|
|Chlorate||ClO3–||No interference for ClO3– ≤ 500ppm|
|Chloride||Cl–||No interference for Cl– < 200 ppm. COD reduced by up to 20% at Cl- levels of 500ppm using Chloride resistant sensor. Other halides (F-, Br-, I-) would be expected to behave in the same manner|
|Nitrate||NO3–||No interference, NO3– can be used as PeCOD electrolyte|
|Nitrite||NO2–||No interference for NO2– ≤ 500ppm|
|Perchlorate||ClO4–||No interference, ClO4– can be used as PeCOD electrolyte|
|Phosphate||PO43-||No interference for PO43- ≤ 500ppm|
|Sulfate||SO42-||No interference for SO42- ≤ 500ppm|
|Sulfite||SO32-||Interference for SO3 ≥ 20 ppm, giving COD high by 90% at 250 ppm SO32-|
|Sulfide||S2-||Interference for S2- > 0 ppm, giving COD high by >100% at 50 ppm S2-|
|Aluminum||Al3+||No interference for Al3+ ≤ 500ppm|
|Calcium||Ca2+||No interference for Ca2+ ≤ 500ppm|
|Chromate||Cr3+||Interference for Cr3+ > 2 ppm, giving low COD|
|Ferric Iron||Fe3+||No interference for Fe3+ ≤ 500ppm|
|Ferrous Iron||Fe2+||Interference for Fe2+ > 100 ppm, giving low COD|
|Magnesium||Mg2+||No interference for Mg2+ ≤ 500ppm|
|Potassium||K+||No interference for K+ ≤ 500ppm|
|Silver||Ag+||Interference for Ag+ > 10 ppm, giving low COD|
|Sodium||Na+||No interference for Na+ ≤ 500ppm|
|Zinc||Zn2+||No interference for Zn2+ ≤ 500ppm|
On average, the cost per sample can range anywhere from $3.01-$3.68 per sample. The cost per sample varies depending on the COD/BOD range and the number of samples analyzed, as this affects consumable usage such as calibrant, electrolyte and sensors. In general, the cost per sample decreases with an increase in the number of samples. There are several reasons for this, one being that the sensor should be replace monthly, therefore running more samples per month will yield a better return on sensor usage. In addition, the PeCOD® requires a daily calibration; by running more samples per calibration users save on consumable costs associated with calibrant. There are no disposal costs for the PeCOD, whereas disposal costs accumulate via the traditional dichromate method with every sample vial.
Calibrations are comprised of 6 different stages. The first stage is called the “Normalization Phase” and lasts 100 seconds. During this time, the LED strength is adjusted to maintain a baseline electrical current of 20 mA. This is performed on the blank solution, containing range specific electrolyte and COD free deionized water. Once the LED is set, oxidation of the blank solution will occur. This is comprised of 3 stages, visualized by 3 distinct curves. The stages are known as the Burn-In, Pre-Burn, and Oxidation of port B. The blank acts as a zero reference for the calibration based on the charge generated from the DI and electrolyte mixture. The area under the curve is used to quantify charge. Once the Port B stages have completed, the Port A stages will begin. The calibrant and electrolyte mixture is introduced across the TiO2 sensor, where similar Pre-Burn and Oxidation curves are generated. The concentration of the calibrant is determined based on the sample COD/BOD range. Once the specified number of calibrations have completed, the calibrant solution can be run as a sample (referred to as a QC check). It is expected that the COD result will be + / – 5% of the standard COD/BOD value. To view an example of the stages of a PeCOD® calibration, view our video here.
Open the top plastic door by pushing down firmly on the front centre of the door until a “click” is heard, then release the door. Open the PeCOD analyzer module by pressing firmly down on the fixed bar, and lifting the front latching bar (should unlatch), then lift up the PeCOD sensor lid. Remove the old sensor by lifting it off of the pins and place the new sensor on the same pins with the “THIS SIDE UP” surface (blue side) facing you.
Both Calibrant and Standard Solutions are good for one year after they are made. Electrolyte has a shelf life of two years after it is produced. All labels have the expiry date in the box just above the MANTECH logo.
Sensor lifetime depends on a number of factors including frequency of use, storage conditions, nuances of certain sample matrices, and time between uses. Sensors are expected to last for approximately 150 runs (this includes samples, calibrations and QC checks), or for a minimum of 3-4 weeks when used consistently day after day. When analyzing higher sample concentrations (especially red range) the sensor life expectancy can be shorter, ranging from 60 – 150 total measurements depending on sample strength.
In cases where the PeCOD is not being used frequently (2 weeks or more between each set of samples), the sensor’s life expectancy timeline can be extended through the proper application of long-term storage recommendations. MANTECH recommends that when the PeCOD is not expected to be used for more than 2 weeks at a time, that Ports A and B should be primed with air, then the sensor be removed from the analyzer and stored in a dark, dry location with the sensor window face-down (white foam facing up). This is because moisture and light exposure are known to have a degrading effect on the sensor, reducing the lifespan of use. At the same time, the PeCOD Electrode Block should be removed and stored with DI water filling the internal liquid channels. This can be achieved by covering one of the channel outlets with laboratory tape, then use a syringe to inject DI water into the channel until it overflows out of the hole you are injecting into, and then cover that hole with tape as well.
When the PeCOD is being used more frequently, MANTECH recommends leaving the sensor in place with DI primed through Port A between analyses and running at least one QC check per day to keep the sensor “active” even on days that you are not expecting to run samples. This ensures the best day-to-day conditions for the sensor leading to the longest possible lifespan of use. On days where you are planning to run samples, a new calibration is recommended when the daily QC check does not fall within the +/- 20% passing range. It is always important to prime Port A and Port B x3 times with the proper reagents when going from DI water storage to the daily QC check and samples.
For more information, read MANTECH’s technical bulletin here.
Click ‘File’ in the top left corner, and select ‘Preferences’. The ‘General’ tab will pop up, select the ‘QC Regimes’ tab. Here you can see how many calibrations, QC checks, and recalibrations the PeCOD® will preform for the ‘Startup (Daily) Regime’. To see the other regimes, select the ‘Startup (New Sensor)’ tab, or the ‘QC Routine’ tab in the second row. To edit the number of calibrations or QC checks, click the arrows beside the numbers to choose how many of each the PeCOD® will perform.
If only storing the electrode block for a short period of time (less than 4 weeks), rinse DI water through the PeCOD and leave the electrode block inside. Make sure all of the sample has been washed through by priming Port A several times. If storing for more than 4 weeks, put DI water through the PeCOD and then remove the electrode block to store outside the PeCOD. Flush the channels with 20-30 mL of DI water before pushing through about 10 mL of NaCl, leaving the channels filled. Tape the ends of the channels to ensure no leaks or crystallization occur. For more information, read the storage instructions here.
The L50 is the newer, more cost efficient model of the PeCOD. It uses the same method, reagents, and software as the L100. Improvements were made with the fluidics and space requirement in the L50 model. For more information, see the news section.
There are limitations to ensure that, after dilution with electrolyte, the chloride concentration will be <200mg/L. This means that the allowable chloride concentration of the original sample varies depending on the COD range (as illustrated below) since each range has a different ratio of sample to electrolyte. For more information, read MANTECH’s technical bulletin here.
There are 4 COD ranges for the PeCOD. The advanced blue range is the lowest range and analyzes samples up to 25mg/L with a mixing ratio of 3:1 (sample to electrolyte). Green is the second lowest range and measures up to 150mg/L with a mixing ratio of 1:1. The yellow range determines COD up to 1,500mg/L with a mixing ratio of 1:9 and the red range can analyze samples up to 15,000mg/L and has a mixing ratio of 1:49. For more information, read MANTECH’s technical bulletin here.
The PeCOD conforms to regulatory standards such as the ASTM International Method D8084, the Ministry of Environment, Conservation and Parks, Ontario (MECP) method E3515, and the Health Canada Guidance on drinking water.
The ASTM International method for photoelectrochemical oxygen demand is approved for measuring organics in freshwater sources and treated drinking water. More details about this method can be viewed here.
The Ontario MECP method E3515 replaced the standard dichromate methods due to the fact that no harmful chemicals are used in the PeCOD method. This method now includes PeCOD as an approved alternate COD method in the Municipal and Industrial Strategy for Abatement (MISA). The MECP method can be viewed here.
The PeCOD COD Analyzer has a warning label on the analyzer head “DO NOT OPEN ANALYZER LID WHILE IN OPERATION” and “CAUTION: CLASS 3B INVISIBLE LASER RADIATION. AVOID EXPOSURE TO BEAM.” See Image 1.
Image 1: Warning label on analyzer lid
There are two normal LED lights (one red, one green), and one (invisible) Class 3B UV LED laser. See Image 2.
The red LED light is an error indicator and is a non-harmful light. The green LED light is the power indicator and is also a non-harmful light.
The Class 3B UV LED laser is a catalyst for TiO2 oxidation of organics. Class 3B UV LED lasers are harmful to your health, however, there are safety measures put into place to avoid exposure to this invisible UV LED laser on the PeCOD COD Analyzer. The PeCOD has an automatic laser shut off built in so the laser will turn off when the analyzer lid is opened. This lid should not be tampered with or modified as the Class 3B laser is hazardous to your health.
Image 2: Analyzer head with 2 (two) normal LED lights, and 1 (one) 3B UV LED Laser
Samples must be filtered prior to peCOD analysis to ensure that no particulates greater than 50 micron (um) are primed into the peCOD. Particulates larger than 50um can cause clogging, which can lead to damage of the internal fluidics of the machine. To prevent clogging and ensure proper sample preparation, MANTECH has a Sample Filtering Guide for PeCOD Analysis.
For pulp and paper and wastewater applications, MANTECH recommends using a 35um polyethylene (PE) syringe filter. These filters can contribute trace amounts of organics, which are negligible for wastewater applications. For drinking and source water applications it’s important to use a filter that does not contribute organics to the filtered sample. One of MANTECH’s research partners has recommended a 0.45um polyethersulfone (PES) filter; however, other filter types may also be acceptable, if no organics are contributed by the filter. Since these applications traditionally see less particulates, having a smaller pore size filter hasn’t shown an impact on the peCOD results.
The PeCOD electrolyte solution is mainly composed of a low-concentration lithium nitrate solution. The PeCOD calibrant and check standard solutions supplied by MANTECH are composed of sorbitol. These solutions contain a trade recipe preservative that allow for the longer shelf life, compared to solutions prepared manually. Calibrant and check standard solutions prepared manually, following the PeCOD Standard Recipe, can be used for up to two weeks.
MANTECH recommends storing samples in the laboratory fridge vs preserving samples. If you do choose to preserve your samples, use H2SO4 to adjust the pH of your samples to ~2.
pH Range: 4.0 – 10.0 (after mixing with electrolyte)
The peCOD method requires that the pH of a sample AFTER being mixed with electrolyte must be between 4 – 10. To determine if a sample must be pH-adjusted, mix the sample with peCOD electrolyte at the proper mixing ratio for your COD range, then test the pH of the mixture.
For example, the sample may have a pH of 3.0, but then after preparing with electrolyte, the pH is in the required range, therefore, it is acceptable for immediate peCOD measurement.
If samples have been preserved in acid, they should be neutralized using sodium hydroxide prior to analysis to avoid a low reading, as well as damage to the sensor. When the sample pH is below 4, the photocatalytic oxidation at the TiO2 sensor is affected, leading to poor reproducibility and charge values below theoretical expectation. Below a pH of 2, the TiO2 displays instability. When the pH is above 10, the charge measured for the reference and sample solution yield lower than expected values, again caused by interference at the TiO2 sensor. Sulphuric acid should be used to lower the pH of samples with a pH of 10 or more.
The primary driver of the peCOD method chemistry is advanced oxidation induced by photocatalysis with Titanium Dioxide (TiO2). Pure TiO2 is only photo-active at wavelengths below 380 nm. This is because a certain amount of light energy is required to bump the electrons around and cause the behaviors that we associate with photocatalysis. The UV LED in the PeCOD® COD Analyzer operates at a peak wavelength of 365 nm, with a minimum 360 nm and maximum 370 nm, ensuring that efficient photocatalysis is achieved.
The PeCOD Analyzer performs advanced oxidation on a small volume of sample. As the reaction proceeds, electrical charge is generated proportional to the oxygen being consumed. The PeCOD analyzer captures this generated charge, plotting the output current from the reaction over time as shown below. The area under the curve generated by plotting current over time is proportional to the COD of the sample. A blank charge is also determined for each sample, and subtracted from the total charge to ensure accuracy.
View the detailed overview of PeCOD technology and calculations here.
A common benefit of peCOD implementation for this application is optimization of coagulant dosing.
The traditional method up to this point has been consistent dosing based on laboratory testing results (jar testing is a very common method of developing coagulant dosing requirements). They then increase their dosing for events that they know to cause NOM spikes. The problem is they often don’t know the extent of the NOM spikes, so they increase their dosing to what has been deemed as ‘enough’. More often than not this is over-dosing, not really causing downstream issues but incurring more cost than is needed for these events. However, when the extra dose is not enough and they under-dose, NOM gets through and reacts with the disinfection chemicals creating DBPs.
The missing ingredient is knowing when these NOM spikes occur, and to what extent. The events could be anything from seasonal variation based on climate to rapid spikes from storm events, but the benefit of knowing is the same. Plants that have enough funding to do so monitor UV and TOC online, however research has shown that this is not enough. peCOD is another piece of the NOM puzzle and is truly the more important measure when looking at how NOM will react and be affected by treatment. If you know the COD of the NOM coming in and can match it to known dosing requirements, you minimize the possibility of DBPs forming.
The speed and ease of use of the peCOD is also key here, you are placing this knowledge directly in the operators’ hands, rather than having it be a result they wait to get back from an external lab. When they can truly understand the technology and it’s value, it has a secondary effect of getting them more involved with optimizing the treatment processes. We see with numerous cases (mostly in WWTPs at this point) this occurring, where they get the peCOD for measuring one or two points then realizing the benefit it can have through monitoring their whole plant.
For calibration, the PeCOD® Analyzer goes through the following phases:
- Normalization Phase. This is where the PeCOD® Analyzer is adjusting the LED lamp output, trying to achieve a baseline of 20µA.
- Burn-In Phase (port B). This is where the pre-mix blank solution is brought into the sensor cell. It is oxidized to remove contaminants from the cell.
- Pre-Burn Phase (port B). This is where a new aliquot of pre-mix blank solution is brought into the sensor cell. This phase removed more contaminants from the cell and conditions the cell for the pre-mix blank.
- Oxidation (port B). A new aliquot of pre-mix blank is brought into the sensor cell and is oxidized. This value is used in the peCOD calculation. The area under this curve is used to calculate the ‘blank charge’, which corresponds to the C value determined by each calibration. This is the small amount of COD contributed by the electrolyte reagent, which is then subtracted from all future COD analyses to give the final COD result.
- Pre-Burn (port A). A new aliquot of pre-mix calibrant solution is brought into the sensor cell where it is oxidized. This removes contaminants from the cell and conditions the cell for the pre-mix calibrant.
- Oxidation phase (port A). A new aliquot of pre-mix calibrant if brought into the sensor cell. This value is used in the peCOD calculation. The area under the curve is used to calculate the reference charge, which is used with the blank charge to determine the relationship between charge and COD. This corresponds to the M value determined by each calibration.
For sample analysis, the PeCOD® Analyzer goes through the following phases:
- Burn-In phase (port B). The pre-mix blank solution is brought into the sensor cell and is oxidized. This removed contaminants from the cell.
- Pre-Burn phase (port A). An aliquot of sample is brought into the sensor cell and is oxidized. This removes contaminants from the cell and conditions the cell for the sample.
- Oxidation phase (port A). A new aliquot of sample is brought into the sensor cell and is oxidized. This value is used in the peCOD calculation. The area under the curve is used to calculate the charge generated by sample oxidation. The blank value will be subtracted from the sample value to determine the sample COD.
An investment in the safe, green, and fast PeCOD Analyzer and method includes the PeCOD L50 Analyzer, starter kits, and consumables. This is typically packed in two cartons with the following weight and dimensions:
Box 1 (starter kits and consumables)
16” x 15” x 14”, 32lbs
41cm x 39cm x 36cm, 15kg
Box 2 (PeCOD L50)
16” x 15” x 16”, 21lbs
41cm x 39cm x 41cm, 10kg
The L50 PeCOD® Analyzer is applicable for benchtop and portable use, with the incorporation of an external battery and carrying case. The L50 weighs less than 7kg and measures 280mm x 210mm x 260mm. Its rugged carrying case, equipped with wheels, makes it easy and safe to transport the unit between the field and the laboratory.
A separate standard produced by Sigma Aldrich is used for quality control testing of PeCOD systems. This allows for verification of results and ensures that the system in use produces trusted values. This secondary standard can be diluted into different concentrations, making its use applicable to all COD ranges of solution used with the PeCOD analyzer. The Sigma Aldrich SKU number for this standard is QC1130.
If left unopened and sealed in the package, PeCOD sensors have a shelf life of 12 months. Once opened and in use, sensors can be expected to last for approximately 1 month or 200 samples (whichever comes first).
On a day to day basis, the PeCOD sensor inside the Analyzer head, in the same location as it is placed for operation. At the end of each analysis and calibration, the PeCOD primes the sensor line with blank solution to provide a clean environment similar to operating conditions for storage. An alternative to this is to prime DI water manually through Port A of the PeCOD at the end of a day’s operations.
When the PeCOD is not going to be used for some time, for example a week or longer, it is good to remove the sensor from the unit for long term storage. This is done by first removing the Port A and B tubes from liquid, then priming those lines with air. Then, press on the front latch to open the analyzer head and access the sensor. The sensor can then be lifted off the alignment pins. Once removed, it is important to use a syringe to “dry” the internal channels of the sensor. Fill a 10mL syringe with air, then press the syringe (without a tip) against the holes in the back of the sensor. Push the syringe down to push air through the sensor channels. Perform these steps on each of the holes in the back of the sensor, in the following order:
Once dry, place face down on a dry surface to finish the drying process. Next, place the sensor in a cool, dark place for long-term storage. The sensor packaging works as a suitable package for long term storage after properly drying the sensor.
Higher COD levels mean a greater amount of oxidizable organic material in the sample, which will reduce dissolved oxygen (DO) levels. A reduction in DO can lead to anaerobic conditions, which is deleterious to higher aquatic life forms.
The temperature range that PeCOD samples should be analyzed is between 10 to 30°C. For samples that are outside of this temperature range, the addition of electrolyte (which is stored at room temperature) prior to analysis will help to bring the sample solution to an acceptable temperature range.
New PeCOD Analyzer orders typically include a slurry reagent starter kit providing the consumables to run the PeCOD analysis. These kits consist of Electrolyte, Calibrant, and Secondary Standard slurry reagents. Electrolyte is the reagent that is mixed with each sample, therefore it is typically the reagent to be used up first, requiring the user to purchase more from MANTECH. It is useful to know on average how many samples can be run with the electrolyte provided in the standard reagent starter kits, therefore we provide this information below.
You will need to know the color operating range of your PeCOD (Adv. Blue, Green, Yellow, or Red). If you plan to run a single analysis per sample, use the left column for 10mL total volume. If you require duplicate or triplicate analysis per sample, use the right column for 20mL total volume. Depending on how many samples are run per calibration, these numbers may vary.
|10mL Total Volume – Single Analysis||20mL Total Volume – Duplicate and Triplicate Analysis|
|For Advanced Blue range (3:1):
||For Advanced Blue range (3:1):
|For Green range (1:1):
||For Green range (1:1):
|For Yellow range (1:9):
||For Yellow range (1:9):
|For Red range (1:49):
||For Red range (1:49):
|Number of samples that can be run with 10L bottle of electrolyte:
||Number of samples that can be run with 10L bottle of electrolyte:
|Note: 5x Electrolyte slurry packages are required for making up 10L.|
The following steps will outline how to correctly homogenize a water/wastewater sample for analysis with the PeCOD.
- Homogenize the raw sample for 2 minutes. Ensure you are using at least 50mL or more of sample.
- Prepare the sample with electrolyte in the range being used. Click here for the correct sample-to-electrolyte ratio for each colour range.
– For example, if you are using yellow range, take 2mL of sample plus 18mL of electrolyte.
– If dilution is required, prepare the dilution first with the homogenized sample, then prepare with electrolyte.
- Homogenize the mixture of sample and electrolyte for 1 minute.
- Place the PeCOD intake tube (Port A) into the sample and press run the analysis.
- Rinse the homogenizer in deionized water, turn on for 30s while in DI water.
- Spray down homogenizer with DI water using a laboratory bottle with nozzle (common lab squeeze bottles).
It is possible that a PeCOD will fail its calibration. If this occurs, the PeCOD will notify you of the reason it did not pass. Common reasons are that the M value or C value are out of range. Please refer to page 19 of the PeCOD Pro Operation manual for more information.
There are several common methods to test wastewater and drinking water for organic pollutants, natural and chemical. Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and, Total Organic Carbon (TOC) compromise the three main methods of testing water samples. BOD and COD methods differ from TOC because they measure the amount of oxygen that is depleted by organic species in water. Moreover, TOC is a measure of all carbon (both organic and inorganic), rather than the oxygen that is reduced by these species. As written by a TOC manufacturer, “TOC on its own sheds no light on the oxidizability of the measured carbon or the amount of oxygen needed for its biodegradation.” Specific to COD, it measures the reactive fraction of the TOC. This is also known as oxidizability in the European Union.
View the full article: Comparison of COD, BOD and TOC Methods for organics, which summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of the COD, BOD and TOC methods, and compares them to the PeCOD method.
View our instructions for producing 1L calibrants, check standards and for more information on these solutions: https://mantech-inc.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/1-L-calibrant-instruction.pdf
The PeCOD® Analyzer performs advanced oxidation on a small volume of sample. As the reaction proceeds, electrical charge is generated proportional to the oxygen being consumed. The PeCOD® analyzer captures this generated charge, plotting the output current from the reaction over time as shown below. The area under the curve generated by plotting current over time is proportional to the oxygen demand of the sample. A blank charge is also determined for each sample, and subtracted from the total charge to ensure accuracy.
View the detailed overview of peCOD technology and calculations here.
For information about what the error code displayed on your PeCOD Analyzer represents, click here.
OD (Oxygen Demand) measures the chemical reactivity of organics by the demand for oxygen, as shown in the diagram below. It can be used as an additional tool in the characterization of NOM (Natural Organic Matter) to predict DBP (Disinfection by-product) formation. This metric also allows for rapid feedback and optimization of coagulation and disinfection dose requirements.
Natural organic matter (NOM) is a critical target for drinking water treatment because it causes a negative effect on water quality by color, taste and odor, and can react with disinfectants to form disinfection by-products (DBP). There are several tools for measuring NOM in source and ground water that include total organic carbon (TOC), dissolved organic carbon (DOC), UV absorbance at 254 nm (UV254), specific UV absorbance (SUVA), and chemical oxygen demand (COD).
UV254 is a water quality test which uses ultraviolet light of 254nm wavelength to measure natural organic matter in water and wastewater.
THMs (trihalomethanes) are disinfection by-products (DBP’s) formed when residual chlorine reacts with elevated levels of naturally occurring organic matter found in water. THMs are present in most drinking water supplies and are dependent on several factors such as type of organic material present and chlorine dosage.
TOC (Total Organic Carbon) is the amount of carbon based organic contaminants in a water system. TOC does not identify each specific organic contaminant present, but rather an absolute quantity of all carbon-bearing molecules. In other words, TOC is a way to measure organic contaminants that may pose a threat to drinking water or wastewater systems.
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) analysis is a measurement of the oxygen-depletion capacity of a water sample contaminated with organic waste matter. Specifically, it measures the equivalent amount of oxygen required to chemically oxidize organic compounds in water. COD is used as a general indicator of water quality and is an integral part of all water quality management programs. Additionally, COD is often used to estimate BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) as a strong correlation exists between COD and BOD, however COD is a much faster, more accurate test. Learn more here.
For samples containing particles larger than 50μm, a pre-filtration or homogenization step is required. For biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) analysis, a simple pre-filtration step is required. For chemical oxygen demand (COD) analysis, no filtering required as we recommend a homogenizer that gets all particles to a 1micron size. We use the below:
PRO200 Homogenizer with SS Probe – This is our base model and setup can be used within 5ml-50ml tubes with sample piece size of 10mm or less or liquid base sample up to 100ml. (MANTECH part number: PCH-4000-197)
PRO250 Homogenizer with SS Probe – When there is a more viscous/thick or larger solid sample piece over 10mm, our 20mm X 115mm SS Probe would be needed. This homogenizer & probe setup can cover 50ml-500ml tubes/beakers. Other probes can be used with this Homogenizer for even larger volumes. (MANTECH part number: PCH-4000-198)
Homogenization can be automated using the autosampler arm and in our online analyzer.
The acceptable range for MANTECH’s pre-mixed secondary standards is ±20%.
When calibrating the PeCOD, the final step of the QC regime is to complete a QC Check on the pre-mixed calibrant solution. This will analyze the COD value of the pre-mixed calibrant solution to confirm the accuracy of the calibration.
For a video tutorial on changing PeCOD Parameters in MANTECH Pro, click here.
For a video tutorial on changing the passing criteria for a QC regime in MANTECH Pro, click here.
Based on the PeCOD model (benchtop, automated, or online), each system configuration will differ. To view the items required for each model, click here.
Type of Battery: Rechargeable NiMH battery
Battery Voltage: 12V
Battery Capacity: 3.8 Ah
Battery Life: Entire day of typical PeCOD use
Charging Time: Approximately 9.5 hours
For more information about the L50 battery packs, please see the manual here.
|Solution Type||Weight (g)|
|1L Electrolyte (Adv. Blue Range)||1400 g|
|500mL Electrolyte (Green, Yellow and Red Ranges)||647 g|
|250mL Calibrant (All Ranges)||312 g|
|250mL Blank (All Ranges)||314 g|
|250mL Check Standard (All Ranges)||311 g|
MANTECH now has a new PeCOD Sensor recipe that allows for more sample sensitivity. With this change, a parameter will need to be updated for use. The C value on the calibration and new sensor settings will no longer need to have an upper limit as the more sensitive burn on the sensor increases the C value. Click here to view a PDF on how to change your C value settings in PeCOD Pro and Mantech Pro.
PeCOD can greatly increase the efficiency and transparency of chemical oxygen demand (COD) or estimated biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) results of a laboratory, factory, wastewater treatment plant and more. To perform this analysis, the following information is required:
- What is the COD or BOD concentration range to measure?
- How many samples will be analyzed per day or per week? Whichever applies.
- Why do you measure COD currently? For example, production control, effluent compliance, etc.
- Do you do on-site treatment? If so, What is the treatment train?